Jumat, 29 Juni 2012


Educational needs of children with Autism are unique and required unique responses. Programs have to be intensive and individualized on the level and learning style of the learner. Teachers need specific training on a number of teaching procedures (reinforcement, shaping, chaining, etc.). Curricula needs continuous updates and adjustments on the base of progresses and difficulties. 

Home-based programs are an educational option to meet these requirements. ABA home programs have been constantly growing in popularity in the last 20 years becoming the standard for the education of children with Autism and severe language delays. 

ABA Home Program structure

An in-home ABA/VB program is typically run for approximately 25 to 40 hours per week. The majority of the instruction is provided in a structured format (discrete trials) at the child's home but most of the programs also involves NET (Natural Environment Teaching) sessions that may take place in community setting (e.g. play ground, play groups, school). 

The program is run conjointly by:
  •  a Consultant who assesses a child’s needs, trains the Tutors, designs and periodically (e.g. weekly, every 2 weeks, monthly) monitors  and update the curriculum of the home program.
    The typical structure of an ABA program
  •  Tutors/Therapists who provide the direct instruction to the child during home teaching sessions. Typically sessions are 2 to 4 hours long. Depending on the total amount of hour per week, 1 to 4 tutors may take turns over the day or the week to run the program. Therapists are trained and closely  supervised by the consultant in the implementation of the curriculum. The position usually suits college students and fresh graduates who are interest in special education. Former experience in ABA is not usually required as intensive training and supervision is provided by the consultant. The tutors' role involves also to prepare educational resources for the program (e.g. pictures, visual boards) 

Minggu, 10 Juni 2012

The diagnosis of Autism: one, no one, 100.000 autisms

Autism (or autistic) Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) refer to 3 conditions: 

These conditions are classified as Pervasive Developmental Disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) together with Childhood Disintegrative Disorder and Rett Syndrome (see figure).

ASDs are typically characterized by social deficits, communication difficulties, stereotyped or repetitive behaviors and interests.